What the World Is Doing To Prevent Human Trafficking and Slavery

Human trafficking and slave labor is a $32 billion underground industry,  according to a CNBC  documentary. There is, however, something being done to prevent that saddest  of industries. Both California and the EU passed laws to prevent human  trafficking during the last two years. Then California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed the California Supply Chain Transparency Act into law on  September  30, 2010. The Act, which goes into effect on January 1, 2012,  requires retailers and manufacturers in California to disclose their efforts to  stop human trafficking and slave labor from their direct supply chains. The law  affects retailers or manufacturers with over $100 million in annual worldwide  gross receipts.

The Act created an Interagency Task Force to monitor and combat trafficking.  In addition, the Act requires the California Franchise Tax Board to make  available a list of retailers and sellers to the State Attorney General required  to disclose efforts to stop slavery and human trafficking.

EU directive to prevent human trafficking and slavery

The EU adopted a directive to prevent and combat human trafficking and  protect victims in April 2011. Cecilia Malmstrom, Commissioner for Home Affairs,  called the passage of the directive “a very important step towards a  comprehensive and more effective European anti-trafficking policy.”

 

Malmstrom added, “The new ambitious rules adopted today  will keep the EU at the forefront of the international fight against human  trafficking by protecting the victims and punishing the criminals behind this  modern slavery.”

UN Human Rights Council issues updated Guiding Principles for  Business and Human Rights

The UN Human Rights Council issued an updated version in June of the Guiding  Principles for Business and Human Rights. The updated Guiding Principles  provides a global standard for preventing and addressing the risk of impacts on  human rights linked to business activity, according to a press release.

“The Council’s endorsement establishes the Guiding Principles as the  authoritative global reference point for business and human rights,” said John  Ruggie, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Business and Human  Rights. “They will also provide civil society, investors and others the tools to  measure real progress in the daily lives of people.”

Ruggie, a professor at Harvard  University, spent six years doing research  for the Guiding Principles

Read more: http://www.care2.com/causes/what-the-world-is-doing-to-prevent-human-trafficking-and-slavery.html#ixzz1WXvFXKTy

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